Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Jeff Stamborski Essay Example For Students

Jeff Stamborski Essay J1368202CCJ3024 MWF 10:30 Assignment #3The adolescent equity framework is a procedure including the courts, lawenforcement offices, and rectifications with an end goal to prevent, oversee, andmaintain adolescents. This procedure is totally different from the grown-up justicesystem and is made to serve individuals under the time of greater part rather thanadults. The adolescent procedure has its own particular manners of managing itsoffenders, and dissimilar to the grown-up framework, the emphasis is on security andrehabilitation instead of rebuffing the liable. Adolescents are people that are under the period of larger part. Thismeans that they are under the lawful age in their express that permits them tobe attempted as a grown-up. In many states this age is 18, yet in a couple, the ageof lion's share is set at 16, 17, or 19. An adolescent reprobate is somebody whohas disregarded a law and is underage. These guilty parties are additionally calledinfants. The historical backdrop of the adolescent equity framework begins the mid 1800sduring the Progressive development. Certain individuals, known as kid savers,within the development started to underscore parens patriae, a principle thatclaims the state is committed to secure the prosperity of kids andstep in should the conditions consider essential. The youngster savers started topush lawmaking body and make foundations for adolescents to raise childrenabove their criminal surroundings. The most striking of these institutionsis the New York House of Refuge, which was opened in 1825. Later on, in1899, the Illinois Juvenile Court Act was passed, guided by the generalprinciples of the youngster savers development and parens patriae. This actoutlined and made the primary court structured explicitly for adolescents. After the principal adolescent court was set up, there were stillseveral significant legal disputes to help shape it into better structure. The mostknown case would be Kent v. US (1966), this case expanded thedue process model of criminal equity to the adolescent court framework also. The choice in Kents case would be demonstrated again a year later In ReGault. Later on, In Re Winship (1970), the weight of verification was upgradedto past a sensible uncertainty for adolescent demonstrations of wrongdoing. Theprinciple of twofold danger was likewise applied to the adolescent systemcomplying with the choice in Breed v. Jones (1975). Moreover, thecase of McKeiver v. Pennsylvania (1971) decided that adolescents are notconstitutionally allowed the privilege to a jury preliminary. Presently to analyze the framework itself. The principal part of the justicesystem that an adolescent interacts with is the law requirement organization. The police can arrest adolescents for offenses that would not beconsidered a wrongdoing whenever submitted by a grown-up. These are called statusoffenses. Instances of status guilty parties are truants, wanderers, curfewviolators, and minors possessing tobacco and liquor. Police are confronted with the need to utilize more tact when dealingwith adolescents since they dont have a similar established rights asadults. For instance, childrenin school can be looked with a warrant orprobably cause. Cops manage the adolescent and hisoffense, yet in addition with his gatekeeper. Commonly, when an adolescent is takeninto care he is discharged to his watchman as opposed to posting bond. When an adolescent is handled, they are brought through the courtsystem. Adolescent courts will in general be casual and private and theproceedings manage both similar kinds of wrongdoings that grown-ups submit andstatus offenses. Likewise, not the entirety of the kids that come in contact withthe adolescent court framework are lawbreakers. Commonly we see cases ofchildren who are manhandled by their family and are there in light of the fact that they need thecourt to intercede for their own insurance. The ideal for the court toexercise such authority depends on the standards of parens patriae. .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .postImageUrl , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:hover , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:visited , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:active { border:0!important; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; mistiness: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:active , .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:hover { murkiness: 1; change: obscurity 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relative; } . u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; text-design: underline; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe sweep: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; text-adjust: focus; text-embellishment: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-tallness: 80px; foundation: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/modules/intelly-related-posts/resources/pictures/straightforward arrow.png)no-rehash; position: supreme; right: 0; top: 0; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed34 34fa7ff98b .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u25bf0742ca54289474ed3434fa7ff98b:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: John Steinbeck (811 words) EssayThe last phase of the adolescent equity framework is remedies. Thisis where the most contrasts are found between the adolescent and adultjustice frameworks. Treatment and recovery are the focal point of thejuvenile framework instead of the discipline of grown-up wrongdoers. There aremany various perspectives on the most proficient method to best treat adolescent guilty parties in thissystem, and parental association is a significant key. One hypothesis on wrongdoing is that it is a malady that can be treatedwith the correct clinical consideration and treatment. This treatment model does notinclude detainment. Rather it depends vigorously on bunch therapy,controlled consumes less calories, and endorsed prescription. Another way of thinking in adolescent rectifications is the communityreintegration model. This is when adolescents are either placed in temporaryhomes or discharged to gatekeepers and are required to do network administration aspunishment for their violations. This permits the guilty party to address hismistakes and simultaneously become associated with the network. One other model is called reality treatment. This is when juvenileoffenders will be secured up a confinement office for a brief period oftime to attempt to panic them trying to cause them to act. Having themtalk to detainees or previous prisoners will likewise achieve this objective. A few people feel that adolescents ought to be taken care of in the justdesserts way. At the end of the day, on the off chance that you do the wrongdoing, you should do thetime. This model burdens the guilty parties responsibility for their crimesand is stricter with them paying little heed to the offense. Despite the fact that this is amuch harsher approach to deal with adolescent misconduct it has been demonstrated thatthese youngsters are less disposed to recidivism then the individuals who are putthrough other treatment programs. The forestall/control model is another type of taking care of adolescents. Inthis model the emphasis is on stopping misconduct before it happens. This isdone through various sorts of useful exercises set up for young people. Sorts of projects incorporate wild projects, sports, and otherrecreational exercises. The item is to give them positive andfulfilling exercises with the goal that they won't go to wrongdoing. Setting curfewsfor those under the time of greater part additionally seems, by all accounts, to be useful under thismodel. The last model I will talk about is the equity model. This modelfocuses on reasonable and sensible treatment for those saw as blameworthy of a wrongdoing. It doesn't dismiss the rehabilitative model, however asserts that a personsvoluntary interest in the program is the way to adequacy. With the goal that summarizes how the adolescent equity framework functions, yet what aresome instances of wrongdoings that land an adolescent in the framework? What mostpeople consider first are the wrongdoings that are submitted in schools, theseare the ones that are consistently on the news. Three principle major vicious crimesin schools are assault, theft, and ambush. Above all else, assault is an intense wrongdoing that is submitted withinschools. In all likelihood, the casualty is a young lady, and the culprit is a youngboy who is misled on sex and sexual relations, and has a history ofviolence amazingly. To keep assault from occurring, it is significant tohave programs in school about sexual instruction to ensure that childrenhave the proper perspectives on the other gender, and what is and is notwrong direct. Great good foundations are imperative to set up in youngsters toprevent school wrongdoing. Theft is all to basic among assorted types ofstudents, yet can not so much be halted until the understudy has been punished(including suspension, detainment, and so forth.) enough that the individual in question finallyrealizes what they are doing is morally off-base. Ambush is another normal demonstration of brutality in schools. Almosteveryone in the United States has either taken an interest in or seen afight at school when they were growing up. The best way to deal with studentswho battle is

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Creation Vs Evolution Essays - Evolutionary Biology, Free Essays

Creation Vs Evolution Essays - Evolutionary Biology, Free Essays Creation Vs Evolution There are a wide range of living things on earth. New species and diverse sub species are advancing each second as others vanish. So as to clarify the starting point of life, individuals have utilized the book of scriptures story of creation, while others thought of their own hypotheses. Out of each one of those speculations, the hypothesis of advancement by Charles Darwin appears to have the most supporting proof to back it up. Proof on earth proposes that solitary cell animals are the predecessors of all life. These living beings gradually advanced into air breathing animals when oxygen was made. Gradually, the as land evaporated, these animals moved away from the water and on to land where they developed legs and a solid spine. The hypothesis of advancement by Charles Darwin clarified how life developed from natural selection, it gives an intelligent clarification of the transformative procedure these animals took, and how human became. Proof on earth shows that solitary cell living beings in the end advanced to multicelled life forms and complex creatures. On the off chance that you take a gander at old fossil records, the most established fossils are generally single cell animals. These straightforward animals don't expect oxygen to live. It took in vitality from the sun and other vitality sources. Gradually as oxygen shows up on Earth, a portion of the life forms started to develop lungs to inhale oxygen since When free oxygen entered the image. Breathing is more effective than drawing vitality from the aging procedure that prior magnifying lens life utilized. (Science: Biology Pg. 36) Other living beings that didn't advance lungs either ceased to exist or went down to more profound profundities of the sea; Oxygen was first think about a toxin by tiny animals. (Development Pg. 36) Because of the free Oxygen the individuals who didn't change were slaughtered. The development through common choice and natural selec tion shows that Darwin hypothesis is right. Because of the absence of oxygen inside the sea , fish gradually developed to the state of land. Because of the abrupt increment in the number of inhabitants in fish and other marine living being. Because of the unexpected increment in the number of inhabitants in marines life, the oxygen level inside the sea diminished. Researcher accept that the lung fish developed due to an absence of oxygen in the ocean. The lung fish figured out how to ascend from the ocean and take in the oxygen vital for endurance. (Development proof Pg. 38) As more land develops and dry, downpour gathered and framed new water lakes and waterways. A portion of the fish got abandoned by the retreating sea. Many fish that became abandoned kicked the bucket since they couldn't adjust to the new condition; those fish required salt water to lived passed on. Be that as it may, some adjusted to their condition. (Advancement Pg. 38) The flap balance fish was another developmental way fish toke to maintain a strategic distance from the absence of oxygen in the ocean. Fossil record shows that flap finned lung fish took another transformative way. (Microsoft Encarta Pg. 2) The projection balance fish was practically equipped for leaving the water. It just required more muscles in the joints to have the option to lift it self up, on account of this numerous individuals accept that the flap balance fish was the predecessor of early reptilian animals. The diverse transformative ways the fish have taken shows that life changes in reactions to various ecological conditions. Fossil records in South America, uncovers that there are many sub types of humankind. The fossil of Neanderthal man was find soon after Darwin distributed his book on development.. The Neanderthal man was consider to be a predecessor of humankind in light of the size of the skull which proposed that it had a little cerebrum. The inclining temple is likewise a sign that it is a precursor of humankind. Not long after the disclosure of the Neanderthal was found in the 1890's. This fossil was known as the Java Man, the Java Man was not think about the missing connection among people and chimps. (Advancement Pg. 102) The Java Man was too indistinguishable a typical human to be the missing connection. The missing connection is a fossil of an animal that is in a transitional state between it unique structure and it

Monday, July 27, 2020

Can You Be Addicted to Your Fitness Tracker

Can You Be Addicted to Your Fitness Tracker Addiction Print Can You Be Addicted to Your Fitness Tracker? By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 07, 2020 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD on February 07, 2020 Rawpixel/Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery In This Article Table of Contents Expand The Allure of Counting Steps Why Track Fitness How Effective Are They Next Steps Be More Effective View All Back To Top Smartwatches and fitness trackers have become a popular trend in recent years. These handy tools can keep track of your daily steps, heart rate, sleep, and more. They can be a convenient and even fun way of staying motivated, hitting your exercise goals, and challenging your workout buddies. While they are geared toward encouraging a healthy lifestyle, some experts worry that these devices might contribute to addictive behaviors and even exercise addictions.   Do you check your step count whenever you’ve been out running errands? Or do you pace around the house each night to boost your numbers up over your daily goal? Or maybe you find yourself taking the stairs more or parking further from your destination just so you can get your heart rate up in your target zone.   These kinds of behaviors probably mean you are benefiting from your fitness watch. Youre increasing your activity level each day in small ways that are good for your health.   Or do you find yourself obsessively checking your steps and heart rate all day long? Are you setting increasingly unrealistic daily goals that involve working out for long sessions or even multiple sessions each day? If you’re engaging in these kinds of behaviors, it might be a sign that you are addicted to your fitness tracker. Signs You Might Be Hooked There are some signs that your obsession with your fitness tracker might be problematic:You keep increasing the length of your workouts because your tracker makes you feel like you need to keep doing moreYou neglect friends and responsibilities so that you have more time to workoutYou feel anxious, irritable, or upset when you are not able to use your fitness deviceYou feel like you dont have control over your behavior; you use your device more than you intended or workout more than you plannedYour fitness device uses up a great deal of time, interferes with other activities, or causes you to withdraw from other things you enjoyYou keep using your device excessively even though these behaviors upset you or you know that they are unhealthyYou feel very upset or even ashamed when you don’t reach your daily activity goal The Allure of Counting Steps There are a number of reasons why hitting a daily step count (often 10,000 a day) can be so appealing.   It’s a very tangible, concrete goal, and wearing a device that tells you how far you’ve come and how far you have to go can feel very motivating.  Having a daily step goal can give you the drive to move more during the day, which might help you make better choices such as parking further from your destination or taking the stairs.It can make you feel like you are taking definite actions towards your fitness goals. Your smart device not only tells you how many steps you’ve walked but also lets you look back at your history and visually chart your daily activity. This can be a compelling visual view of your progress.Tracking your steps can also help harness your competitive nature to work toward a healthy goal. Whether you are just trying to beat your own personal record or doing daily challenges with your workout buddies, having a little friendly competition can help keep you inspired to move more. Of course, this obsession with step counts can also be problematic. Failing to meet your daily goal can be demotivating. Rather than focusing on your progress, you might get hung up on your shortcomings. Another problem is that you might find yourself paying to much attention to an arbitrary number rather than focusing intuitively on how your body feels. Form, effort, and intensity all play an important role in workout effectiveness and injury preventionâ€"none of which can be fully captured by a fitness tracker. Paying attention to your heart rate can be helpful, but it still doesn’t convey what you are really feeling. You might find yourself working through soreness, pain, or even injury just to hit that step count goal. Why Track Fitness The goal of fitness trackers is not just to provide detailed information on behaviorsâ€"they are also designed to encourage you to make healthier choices. The goal is to get you “hooked” on your device so that you rely on its feedback and use that information to set goals, stay motivated, and stick to your fitness plans.   Many indicators suggest that, if anything, wearable fitness devices may not be addictive enough. A 2016 survey found that wearable fitness trackers have a high abandonment rate, with approximately 30% of people giving up their smartwatches and fitness trackers because they did not find them useful or interesting.   So even if you do track your steps and strive to hit that target 10,000 per day, just wearing your device might not be enough to help you stay on track.   How Effective Are They While fitness tracker addiction has garnered headlines, most findings suggest that the majority of people eventually stop using their wearable devices. The question also remains as to how much these fitness trackers actually help people become more fit. The available research remains skimpy and largely inconclusive.   Simply providing information about health does not necessarily result in changes in behavior. Researchers suggest that there is little evidence that wearable devices actually bridge the gap between tracking health information and making better fitness choices. One year-long study showed disappointing results in terms of effectiveness. The study looked at 800 adults who were divided into four groups. The first group wore a clip-on fitness tracker and received a cash incentive if they walked more than 50,000 steps a weekThe next group also received a cash incentive, but they were required to donate it to charityA third group wore the activity tracker but did not receive a cash incentiveThe last group did not wear a tracker or get a cash incentive The results were that while the participants in the first group did walk more for the first six months of the study, by the one-year mark, 90% had stopped wearing their activity tracker. The results indicated that an activity tracker had no overall impact on health, even when combined with a financial incentive. Another study looking at the impact of fitness trackers on weight loss found that people who wear these devices were no more active than those who did not. Perhaps more surprisingly, the study found that people who did not wear a tracker actually lost more weight than those who did. The available research suggests that the vast majority of people don’t get addicted to their fitness trackers and that most abandon their device completely in the first year. While this suggests that there is likely little danger of becoming too hooked on your device, it doesn’t mean that it isn’t possible, particularly if you tend to fixate on fitness or have an existing exercise addiction. Next Steps If you do fear that you might be addicted to your fitness tracker, there are some steps that you should consider taking: Set limits. If you are spending too much time looking at your smartwatch or exercising excessively each day, try to reign it in gradually by setting limits. Tell yourself that you will only check your tracker a few times each day. Restrict your daily step count to a level that is comfortable and not so high that it takes an excessive chunk out of your day to achieve.Use distraction. Find other things to do that don’t involve checking your exercise tracker. Engaging in hobbies or socializing with friends can help get your mind on other things.Skip wearing your device. While it isn’t necessary to give up your fitness tracker entirely, not wearing it on occasion can help keep you from being too focused on your daily step count.Remove fitness apps from your phone. If you find yourself getting too hung up on the data from your device, try deleting the corresponding app from your phone, at least for a while. It can be hard to keep your mind off your tracker if you are constantly receiv ing notifications. Talk to your doctor if your obsession with your fitness tracker is interfering with your daily life. You might have an exercise addiction, a form of behavioral addiction that can have a serious impact on your health and well-being. Make Your Fitness Tracker More Effective If you’re having trouble sticking to your fitness goals and have given up on your tracker, there are some things you can do to make these devices more appealing and effective. Researchers note that while fitness trackers and smartwatches often incorporate elements focused on changing behaviors, they may be more useful if they also work on helping people change their thoughts and attitudes about their ability to exercise. Some things that might make your tracker more useful: Have an action plan. Just tracking your daily activity isn’t enough. You need to come up with a detailed plan that shows how you will reach your goals, step by step.Start small. Don’t focus on hitting a step count that someone else has chosen or one that feels too high for your current fitness level. Pick a number that is right for you, do a little each day, and then slowly work your way up to a more ambitious goal.Focus on quality rather than quantity. Don’t get hung up on setting ambitious daily step goals. Research suggests that it is better to get a shorter, higher-quality workout than a longer, low-quality workout. It is also important to find ways to maintain your intrinsic motivation. Research has shown that when people receive external rewards for things they already enjoy doing, it reduces internal motivation, a phenomenon known as the overjustification effect. Data from a fitness tracker can become a form of extrinsic reward, particularly if you get hung up on hitting a count goal.   One study found that people are more likely to stick to their exercise goals when they are motivated by intrinsic rewards (such as enjoyment and pride) rather than external ones. You can try to avoid this by focusing on the things that you enjoy about your workouts, such as feeling more energetic or being able to get outside and enjoy the outdoors. A Word From Verywell A fitness tracker can be a useful tool when used properly. Your device can give you helpful feedback about how much you are doing each day, but it is important to remember that it isn’t a quick fix. If you find that you are spending too much time thinking about what your fitness monitor is telling you, it might be time to get back to basics and pay less attention to your watch and more attention to what your body is telling you. What Is Exercise Addiction and Are You at Risk?

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Cell Phone Use And Its Impact On Personal Relationships Essay

Who would have thought that in a little less than twenty years, technology would have practically taken over people’s lives? With the rise of texting and social media, people have become more glued to their phones than anything else. This in turn can affect their social lives, mental health, and overall outlook on life. With these criteria as a background, scholars are starting to spend more time focusing on phone use and its impact on personal relationships. Because of this, I agree that texting and phone use does not actually reduce people’s ability to maintain relationships and/or make it harder to develop bonds between others, which is a point that needs emphasizing since so many people believe that it is because of cell-phones that it is harder to cultivate genuine relationships. Some people would say that texting is a limited way of communicating with others, and that it creates uncertainty in relationships due to the fact that the time it takes someone to reply t o a text can say a lot about their attitude towards a certain person. Although this can create tension between people, texting remains a good way to maintain a relationship with someone by being a convenient way to stay in contact and make concrete plans to see each other in person. An example that backs up the argument about communication through texting was written in the Huffington Post by Towson University graduate student Amanda Klein titled â€Å"Text Messaging: Effects on Romantic Relationships andShow MoreRelatedCell Phones: Does Using Cell Phones Make People More or Less Connected?1281 Words   |  6 PagesCell phones: Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Article 1 About writer: Helen Lee Lin in 2012. He did Ph.D in the department of Psychology for University of Houston and now he is working as a writer and freelancer in Ankara, Turkey. His basics interest in writing are in the fields of language, marketing, human relationship and media effects. Link to the Article: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-your-cell-phone-hurts-your-relationships/ Summary In theRead MoreThe Cell Phone Usage Between Partners1679 Words   |  7 Pagesspeaking, if there is an unbalance in cell phone usage between partners someone is bound to feel ignored. Engaging in technology separate to a partner encourages a disconnection rather than a connection. (Bilton, 2014) Also stated by Bilton, disconnection in relationships leads to feelings of dissatisfaction and compromises any sense of safety, attachment and control. Privacy, Trust, and Freedom seem to be essential terms revolving around the topic of relationship satisfaction. â€Å"Partners are more satisfiedRead MoreThe Effect Of Cell Phone On College Students Interaction At Dining Table1641 Words   |  7 Pagessocial interaction. My observation on college students using cell phone at dining hall has raised my question of how does cell phone influences people’s interaction at dinner table. My review topic would be focusing on the effects of cell phone presence on college students’ interaction at dining table. I want to find out how cell phone affects students’ attention on other people sitting around them in the same table. Moreover, how does cell phone affects students’ conversation with others. My researchRead MoreHow Cell Phones Affect Social Behavior1282 Words   |  6 PagesMobile Phones on Social Skills Kelly Schriever, Matt Seeberger, Mary Sweet, Emily Putnam Elizabethtown College March 17, 2014 Today we live in a world where communication through modern technology is almost required. Everywhere people are texting, emailing, writing blogs, and tweeting. It’s hard to go anywhere without seeing someone using a phone or the internet to connect with others. Most people would feel lost without the use of their phones. Of course the use ofRead MoreHow Cell Phones Changed Us Socially1503 Words   |  7 PagesHow Cell Phones Changed Us Socially Having a cell phone is very convenient and helpful most of the time. They are great for emergencies, but not everyone knows of the potential negative impacts these phones have on our lives. In the past several years there have been numerous studies looking into the problems, which cell phone cause. This paper will show how the cell phone has had a dynamic impact on social interactions in today’s society. First it will show the point of having a cellular phoneRead MoreEssay on Revolutionized Communication: The Cell Phone1612 Words   |  7 PagesRevolutionized Communication: The Cell Phone The emerging technologies of the century have greatly affected how people interact personally and professionally. From 1990 to 2010, mobile phone users grew from 12 million to over 4 billion worldwide; in fact, almost 90 percent of households in America have a mobile phone (Wortham). The creation of the mobile phone marked a new era for America and the world. Phones have evolved from the â€Å"bag phone† to the BlackBerry, and will forever change the way aRead Morecell phones: how have they changed us socially927 Words   |  4 Pages Cell phones: How Have They Changed Us Socially? Introduction Thesis Statement: Cell phones have socially changed our lifestyle and have greatly influenced our lives. Alternatively referred to as a cell, cellular, and cellular phone, a cell phone, which is also sometimes abbreviated as â€Å"cp† is a mobile phone or portable phone that enables a user to communicate almost anywhere in the world. The cell phone was invented by Dr. Martin Cooper who led a team of developers at Motorola and madeRead MoreCell Phone Impact on Relationships706 Words   |  3 PagesDo cell phones have a negative impact on relationships? Recent advancements in communication technology have enabled billions of people to connect over great distances using mobile phones ( (Przybylski Weinstein, 2012). In fact, cell phones have become so essential in today’s society that more than 90% of the population owns one, making mobile phones the social norm. Through today’s technological advances with smartphones (cell phones) permit keeping in touch with people and the world a wholeRead MoreCell Phones are Higlhy Addictive1431 Words   |  6 Pagesbillion cell phone subscribers in the world. (â€Å"UN says world has 6 billion cell phone subscribers, 2.3 billion Internet users†). With a number this high one must ask whether or not cell phones are more beneficial than they are harmful. Everyone recognizes the benefits of cell phones, b ut how often does society acknowledge the harms that cell phones induce on the public. The simplicity of communication through the use of cell phones does not outweigh the distractions caused by cell phones, becauseRead MoreCell Phone As The Main Tool Of Communication1040 Words   |  5 Pagesincreasingly. Mobile phone as the main tool of communication comes into people s daily life. With the development of science and technology, cell phones provide people an easy, and fast way of communication. The cell phone is easy carry, and it helps people keep in touch with others. This is a reason why most people choose the cell phone as their main tool of communication. People rely on their phones. Cell phone has almost become an indispensable part of life. Mobile phones help people contact others

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Akamai Teknologi Free Essays

Why don’t major business firms distribute their videos using P2P networks like BitTorrent? BitTorrent is a protocol that supports the practice of peer-to-peer file sharing and is used for distributing large amounts of data over the Internet. Peer-to-peer  (P2P) networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or work loads between peers. Emerging collaborative P2P systems are going beyond the era of peers doing similar things while sharing resources, and are looking for diverse peers that can bring in unique resources and capabilities to a virtual community thereby empowering it to engage in greater tasks beyond those that can be accomplished by individual peers, yet that are beneficial to all the peers. We will write a custom essay sample on Akamai Teknologi or any similar topic only for you Order Now Major business firms distribute their videos not using P2P networks like BitTorrent Because Akamai’s service is available in all countries in the world. For example, 85% of the world’s Internet users are within a single network â€Å"hop† of an Akamai server. Akamai has A wide range of large corporate and government clients: 1 out of every 3 global Fortune 500 companies, 90 of the top 100 online U. S. retailers, all branches of the U. S. military, all of the top Internet portals, all the major U. S. sports leagues, and so on. Akamai has over 73,000 servers on nearly 1,000 networks in 70 countries around the world. In the 2010, Akamai delivers between 15% and 30% of all Web traffic, and hundreds of billions of daily Internet interactions. Akamai’s massive server deployment and relationships with networks throughout the World enable optimal collection of geography and bandwidth-sensing information. Beside that, the Akamai it has an special way which this company is using it to make an easily download’s for the costumers such as videos, music and so on. However, Web sites that are â€Å"Akamaized† can be delivered anywhere from 4 to 10 times as fast as non-Akamaized content. P2P means the sharing of files between users of the P2P service such as Bittorent or Bitlord. But this also means that all users are actually servers meaning that it is not easy to collect user data. Also major firms might want to use Akamai instead of P2P as it is more reliable, secure and stable. With the underlying infrastructure of the Internet major companies will most likely not benefit from P2P services. Due to the slow loading of websites companies will most likely chose for a web-streamed based content. These content are often saved on a local server and are most likely quicker distributed to their costumers. As a result, Akamai provides a highly accurate knowledge base with worldwide coverage. Customers integrate a simple program into their Web server or application server. This program communicates with the Akamai database to retrieve the very latest information. The Akamai network of servers is constantly mapping the Internet, and at the same time, each company’s software is in continual communication with the Akamai network. The result: data is always current. Advertisers can deliver ads based on country, region, city, market area, area code, county, zip code, connection type, and speed. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/BitTorrent http://en. wikibooks. org/wiki/The_World_of_Peer-to Peer_(P2P)/Networks_and_Protocols/BitTorrent http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Peer-to-peer How to cite Akamai Teknologi, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

UFOs and effect on people Essay Example For Students

UFOs and effect on people Essay The Effects of UFOs on PeopleBy Steve EdwardsAlmost every civilization in history that has kept a written history has recorded the sightings of strange objects and lights in the skies. These objects have been described as glowing wheels, colored balls of light, and disk shaped objects. Today unexplained aerial phenomena are generally referred to as unidentified flying objects (UFOs) or flying saucers. The effects of extra terrestrial sightings can have an adverse effect on people if influenced the wrong way. No solid proof has shown that UFOs are real, but many sightings cannot be proven otherwise. The media, stories, or ones own experience may often influence what one believes. The government once stated that they had captured extra terrestrials. (60 minutes, CBS) On the contrary, most scientists now agree that almost all sightings and stories of extra terrestrials are not authentic. We will write a custom essay on UFOs and effect on people specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The United States government has records of thousands of UFO sightings since 1948, including photos of alleged UFOs and interviews with people who claim to have seen them. Since UFOs were considered a potential security risk, the report on these sightings was originally classified as secret. (Craig, 917) When the report was later declassified it showed that 90 percent of all UFO sightings could be easily explained. Most of the sightings turned out to be celestial objects, such as stars or bright planets like Venus, or atmospheric events such as auroras or meteors falling through the atmosphere. Many other sightings turned out to be objects such as weather balloons, satellites, aircraft lights, or formations of birds. Often these sightings were accompanied by unusual weather conditions. Only 5.6 percent of these cases were not explained. Testimonies by people are often very inaccurate and dramatized. People have the tendency to explain everything they see, which is not usually completely accurate. The unaided human eye can be tricked into hallucination and has an inaccurate depth perception. Reflections from windows and eyeglasses can provide an optical illusion of a UFO. Radar is much more reliable to identify objects, but it cannot detect many characteristics that separate natural phenomena and physical objects. Radar often picks up ionized gas, rain, or thermal discontinuities. Electronic interference is also a frequent problem. Either way, scientists are left with many unanswered questions. There are many mysteries about UFOs with many indefinite answers.Many investigators have tried to solve some peculiar questions about UFOs, but many of their conclusions cannot be proven. In 1968 the United States Air Force asked Edward U. Condon, a physicist at the University of Colorado, to head a panel studying the claims of extraterrestrial crafts. (Unidentified Flying Objects, Encarta encyclopedia) The committees final report was reviewed by a special committee of the National Academy of Sciences and released in early 1969. The 37 scientists who contributed to the report interviewed UFO witnesses and studied physical and photographic evidence. The report, also known as the Condon Report, concluded that not only was there no evidence of extraterrestrial control of UFOs but also that no further UFO studies were needed. Their advice was accepted by the United States, but for other independent laboratories it was not enough. Whether or not a person believes UFOs are, in fact, real or not is probably because of influence from the media. For instance, the smash hit movie Independence Day was a movie about aliens attacking Earth so they can keep it for themselves. The company that made the movie, FOX, has been promoting extra terrestrial ideas to bring media attention to UFOs. The company bought the stretch of highway 375 outside the mysterious secret military base named Area 51, which plays an important part in the movie. In it, several aliens were captured and stored along with their aircraft. In fact, the government has announced that it has captured aliens and their aircraft, but that was later denied. (Woolward, 912) This has been said to be the cause of the vast amount of UFO reports since 1948. The government also denied that Area 51 even existed for several years, even though it had been photographed many times. Today, the military base is thought to be a very heavily guarded test sight for many ste alth planes in development for the military,